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A topographic survey, often referred to as a "topo survey" or "topographical survey," is a type of land survey that focuses on accurately measuring and mapping the physical features and contours of a specific piece of land or area. The primary purpose of a topographic survey is to create a detailed representation of the natural and man-made features of the terrain. This information is essential for various applications in industries such as construction, engineering, urban planning, environmental assessment, and land development. Here are the key aspects of a topographic survey.

KONA NORTH INC. integrates cutting edge technology such as 3D LIDAR laser scanner, total station, GPS  and UAV's to capture data accurately and efficiently. Our team ensures we are well equipped for any kind of data you need.

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topo survey


1. Data Collection:

A topographic survey begins with the collection of data in the field. Surveyors use specialized equipment and techniques to measure and record various features. These may include:

  • Elevation data to create contour lines.

  • Location of natural features such as hills, valleys, rivers, lakes, and trees.

  • Man-made structures, including buildings, roads, bridges, and utilities.

  • Changes in terrain, such as slopes and embankments.

2. Surveying Equipment

KONA NORTH INC use a variety of equipment for data collection, including total stations, GPS receivers, laser levels, digital levels, 3D laser scanner and other specialized tools. The choice of equipment depends on the project's requirements and accuracy standards.

3. Data Accuracy:

Accuracy is crucial in topographic surveys, especially when they are used for engineering and construction projects. Surveyors use control points with known coordinates to ensure the accuracy of their measurements.

4. Field Work:

We visit the site and gather data through a combination of measurements, observations, and note-taking. we have a number of teams to efficiently cover large areas.

5. Data Processing:

The collected field data is processed and analyzed using specialized software. This includes creating detailed maps, contour lines, and 3D models of the surveyed area.

6. Contour Lines:

Contour lines are one of the most essential components of a topographic map. These lines represent points of equal elevation, allowing viewers to understand the terrain's shape and slope.

7. Mapping and Documentation:

The results of the topographic survey are typically presented as topographic maps, also known as contour maps. These maps provide a clear visual representation of the land's features.

9. Regulatory Compliance:

In some cases, topographic surveys may be required by local regulations or authorities before land development or construction projects can proceed.

8. Applications:

Topographic surveys are used for a wide range of purposes, including:

  • Site planning and development: To assess suitability for construction and infrastructure projects.

  • Engineering and design: For road design, drainage planning, and grading.

  • Environmental assessment: To understand the impact of proposed developments.

  • Floodplain mapping: To assess flood risks and plan flood mitigation measures.

  • Land use planning: To determine zoning and land use regulations.

  • Geological studies: To understand the geological features of an area.

Customized Deliverables


Volume and stock pile Calculations

design to As-built model Analysis

Structural Analysis

Prepare Architectural packages from point cloud

Floor Flatness and levelness ASTM E1155

New Construction Accuracy Analysis/Comparative Analysis

Deviation Analysis

Reproduction of 2D plans.


Determining areas (facades, roofs, parking lots, etc.).

Storage Tank Inspection

Digital and 3D Modeling

Creation of a point cloud geo-located in space using control points or gridlines.

Wall and column Plumbness Analysis

Quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC)

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What Sets Kona North Apart as a Topo Surveyor in Canada?
    Kona North stands out in Canada's land survey services by offering a unique blend of expertise and a commitment to your project's success. We're not just surveyors; we're data providers. Our topographical surveys empower your project with the essential data it needs.
  • What Can I Expect from Kona North's Topographical Surveys in Toronto?
    Our surveys provide comprehensive and accurate data, including elevation, contours, natural and man-made features. Whether you're planning a new development or managing an existing property, our surveys offer valuable insights.
  • How Do I Benefit from Accurate Mapping in Toronto?
    Accurate mapping is the foundation of a successful project. It minimizes costly errors, helps with site analysis, and ensures compliance with local regulations. With Kona North, you'll have a precise road map for your project's journey.
  • What Industries Rely on Topographical Surveys in Canada?
    Various industries depend on topographical surveys, including real estate, construction, mining, and environmental conservation. Our services cater to a wide range of sectors, ensuring the right data for your specific needs.
  • Can Kona North Handle My Project's Size and Complexity?
    Absolutely! Whether you have a small-scale residential project or a large-scale industrial venture, Kona North has the experience and resources to handle your topographical survey needs efficiently.
  • How Does Kona North Ensure Data Accuracy and Precision?
    Our team utilizes state-of-the-art equipment and technology to ensure the highest level of accuracy in our surveys. We leave no stone unturned to provide you with precise data for your project.
  • What's the Process for Getting a Topographical Survey in Toronto?
    Contact Kona North: Reach out to us through our website or contact details. Discuss Your Needs: We'll work closely with you to understand your project's requirements. Survey Execution: Our team will conduct a thorough survey of the land in question. Data Delivery: We'll provide you with the topographical survey data in a format that suits your project.
  • What Makes Kona North a Trusted Name in Topo Surveys in Toronto?
    Our reputation is built on a foundation of reliability and excellence. We're committed to delivering top-notch topographical surveys and accurate mapping that consistently meet and exceed our clients' expectations.
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